2 edition of How environmental scarcity contributes to conflict found in the catalog.
How environmental scarcity contributes to conflict
Samuel S. Stanton
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Statement||Samuel S. Stanton, Jr. ; with a foreword by Stephen M. Saideman.|
|LC Classifications||HM1121 .S766 2009|
|The Physical Object|
|LC Control Number||2009049196|
Resource Scarcity Environmental Resource Relative Deprivation Violent Conflict Central Intelligence Agency These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm by: 4. change, security, and conflict. Yet, connections between climate change and violent conflict are—at least for now—largely counterfactual; they h ave not been proven yet. Connecting climate change and conflict depends on how people assume environmental change impacts.
Homer-Dixon is careful to point out that the effects of environmental scarcity are indirect and act in combination with other social, political, and economic stresses. He also acknowledges that human ingenuity can reduce the likelihood of conflict, particularly in countries with efficient markets, capable states, and an educated by: Thomas Homer-Dixon's "Environment, Scarcity and Violence" offers a scholarly analysis of the role environmental scarcity plays in spawning violent human conflicts. The author uses social science research methodology to isolate the independent variable of environmental scarcity in order to study the ways it may or may not contribute to by:
environmental scarcity and violent conflict Download environmental scarcity and violent conflict or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get environmental scarcity and violent conflict book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. We conclude that environmental scarcity rarely if ever acts as the sole cause of conflict. Other variables – most notably the character of the state, its development, its policies, and its relationship to the society at large – not only have increased environmental degradation, but also have interacted with environmental scarcity to generate social instability and conflict.
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This work examines the effect of renewable natural resource scarcity on ethnic conflict. Determining how renewable natural resource scarcity affects ethnic conflict requires multiple levels of inquiry.
How environmental scarcity contributes to conflict: statistical and case studies, /. environment, scarcity and violence. The Earth’s human population is expected to pass eight billion by the yearwhile rapid growth in the global economy will spur ever increasing demands for natural resources.
The world will consequently face growing scarcities of such vital renewable resources as cropland, fresh water, and forests. Environmental scarcity is never the sole cause of conflict, but it is often an aggravating or contributing factor. Future efforts at conflict prevention and resolution should take the role that environmental scarcity plays into account, and appropriate interventions to prevent demand- supply- and structurally-induced scarcity should be pursued.
"This is an important book. Homer-Dixon moves the arguments about environmental scarcity and violent conflict forward a big step. I doubt if much will be written about the subjects in the next ten years that does not build on it, follow out some of its leads, or try to refute it."—Robert Jervis, Institute for War and Peace Studies, Columbia University.
environmental scarcity and conflict lead to degradation of the resource base. Aquifer exhaustion, deforestation, land degradation, and overfishing are common examples of this phenomenon. Degradation of the resource base further compounds environmental scarcity, creating a negative downward Size: 1MB.
The following three drivers of environmental scarcity are discussed: 1. Demand for natural resources exceeds supply: Increases in population growth and rates of consumption will reduce the per capita availability of a particular Size: 1MB.
that environmental scarcity is neither a necessary nor sufficient cause of such conflict, that it plays a negligible causal role in many. civil conflicts, and that even when environmental scarcity is a cause of conflict, its influence is typically mediated by social, political, and economic factors (chapters 1 and 2).
Newer approaches to population pressure, scarcity, and conflict do not see conflict as an inevitable result of scarcity. These analyses see other factors mediating environmental degradation, scarcity, and conflict.
These intervening variables include cultural conceptions of the environment; the nature and degree of social cleavages;File Size: KB.
Theories of ethnic conflict --Scarcity and conflict: a statistical analysis --Mechanisms that matter --Mechanisms and conflict behavior --Cases of low conflict, cases of high conflict.
Abstract: This work examines the effect of renewable natural resource scarcity on ethnic conflict. Theories of ethnic conflict --Scarcity and conflict: a statistical analysis --Mechanisms that matter --Mechanisms and conflict behavior --Cases of low conflict, cases of high conflict.
Responsibility:. The latter variables, however, prove more decisive than environmental scarcity in predicting the incidence of domestic armed conflict. The severity of such conflicts is better accounted for by military expenditure than by environmental degradation, poverty or non-democratic rule.
The causal relationship between environmental scarcities - the scarcity of renewable resources - and the outbreak of violent conflict is complex. Environmental scarcity emerges within a political, social economic, and ecological context and interacts with many of these contextual factors to contribute to violence.
The Environmental Challenges: Scarcity and Conflict in the Natural Environment is an online course that explores war and conflict and their impact on the environment and people. This course explores the three main aspects of conflict and resource scarcity and help students apply them to the negotiation and decision making.
Homer-Dixon is careful to point out that the effects of environmental scarcity are indirect and act in combination with other social, political, and economic stresses. He also acknowledges that human ingenuity can reduce the likelihood of conflict, particularly in countries with efficient markets, capable states, and an educated populace.
ENVIRONMENTAL SCARCITY AND CONFLICT 9. of discrimination and inequity; and, the prevailing security situation. The way in which conflicts over natural resources become politicized within the broader conflict and political context is also a determining factor in whether the conflict becomes violent or not.
Downloadable. The causal relationship between environmental scarcities - the scarcity of renewable resources - and the outbreak of violent conflict is complex.
Environmental scarcity emerges within a political, social economic, and ecological context and interacts with many of these contextual factors to contribute to violence. To examine this relationship, we outline a theoretical framework.
between environmental change and conflict, we sought to falsify the null hypothesis that environmental scarcity does not cause violent conflict. By carefully tracing the causal processes in each case, we also sought to identify how environmental scarcity operates, if and when it is a cause of conflict.
The causal relationship between environmental scarcities - the scarcity of renewable resources - and the outbreak of violent conflict is complex. Environmental scarcity emerges within a political, social, economic, and ecological context and interacts with many of these contextual factors to contribute File Size: KB.
Rooted in neo-Malthusian logic, climate conflict narratives assume that the effects of climate change (natural disasters, changing rainfall patterns and sea-level rise) will lead to increased scarcity of resources, which will either directly, or indirectly through migration and state destabilisation, lead to violent conflict, as states or.
The past two decades have witnessed the emergence of a large body of research examining the linkage between environmental scarcity, violent conflict, and cooperation.
However, this environmental security polemic is still trying to deliver a well-defined approach to achieving peace. Studies are being.Downloadable! A great deal of recent writing has indicated that growing scarcities of renewable resources can contribute to conflict.
Most of this research, however, suffers from two major methodological weaknesses: lack of variation in the independent and dependent variables, and the absence of control for other conflict-generating factors.